Our digestive system is made up of many organs. That's why so much of our immune system is made up in our gut.
These organs take the food and liquids we can consume and turn them into simple molecules, such as carbs, proteins, and minerals. The nutrients are then transported across the small intestine and into the bloodstream, where they provide energy for growth and repair.
Digestive enzymes are needed for this process, as they break down molecules like fats, proteins and carbs into even smaller molecules that can be easily absorbed to create energy for the body/
There are three main types of digestive enzymes:
- Proteases: Break down protein into small peptides and amino acids
- Lipases: Break down fat into three fatty acids plus a glycerol molecule
- Amylases: Break down carbs like starch into simple sugars
If the body is unable to make enough digestive enzymes, food molecules cannot be digested properly. This can lead to digestive disorders like lactose intolerance or constipation. Here are a few foods that are high in natural enzymes:
1. Mango - Mangoes contain the digestive enzymes amylases — a group of enzymes that break down carbs from starch (a complex carb) into sugars like glucose and maltose.
2. Banana - Bananas contain amylases and glucosidases, two groups of enzymes that break down complex carbs like starch into smaller and more easily absorbed sugars.
3. Avocado - Avocados contain the digestive enzyme lipase. This enzyme helps digest fat molecules into smaller molecules, such as fatty acids and glycerol, which are easier for the body to absorb.
4. Ginger - Ginger contains the protease zingibain, which digests proteins into their building blocks.
5. Pineappes - Pineapples contain a group of digestive enzymes called bromelain. This enzyme breaks down protein into its building blocks, including amino acids. This aids the digestion and absorption of proteins.